“The reality is in the statistics.” Indigenous people make up only five percent of Canada’s population, but 30 percent of all incarcerations – comparable to the figures in the U.S., where Blacks and African Americans make up just over 13 percent of the general population, but … The 2016 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. The proportion of people reporting an Aboriginal identity continues to grow, according to the most recent data. The first results of the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today, show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples represented 2.8 per cent of the population counted in the 2016 Census – … The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Actand those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. Supporting Indigenous-led statistical capacity building is an important aspect of self-determination and instrumental for Indigenous leadership and governments in planning, delivery, and reporting to their own citizens. On April 16, 2019, Statistics Canada released the article ‘Harvesting activities among First Nations people living off reserve, Métis and Inuit: Time trends, barriers and associated factors, 2001-2017’. The Indigenous population of Canada is young, with 26.8% of Indigenous people in 2016 under the age of 15, and 31.0% aged between 15 and 34 years; compared to 16.4% and 25.2% respectively for the non-Indigenous population. The most widely spoken Indigenous languages were Cree, Inuktitut and Ojibway. “Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014.” Statistics Canada. Highlights Within Sudbury and districts, those who identified as Indigenous people represented a larger proportion of the population (13%) compared to Ontario overall (3%). Put another way, in some Canadian cities such as Yellowknife or Whitehorse Indigenous Peoples make up 90 percent of the homeless population . Of these, four in 10 of Canada’s indigenous children live in poverty making indigenous poverty in Canada a serious issue. Here are some of the previous findings: Indigenous women are almost three times as likely as non-Indigenous women to be a victim of violent crime. This represents a significant change from 1986, when 136 reserves were incompletely enumerated. Data are available for the Aboriginal identity population by age groups for selected socio-demographic characteristics. Mulligan, L., Axford, M. and Solecki, A. Aboriginal Identity (9), Residence by Aboriginal Geography (10), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3), Age (20) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data (Catalogue Number 98-400-X2016154) [Internet]. Canada's aboriginal people are growing at twice the national rate. Among all Indigenous identity groups, the most common postsecondary qualification for those aged 25 to 64 was college. Portal to Stats Canada data, analysis, and reference on Aboriginal peoples. Innovative approaches to gathering data and data development depend on the effective use of administrative data sources. Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in the NWT grew by 1.1%, compared to 42.7% a growth rate for the Indigenous population of Canada. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in the NWT grew by 1.1%, compared to 42.7% a growth rate for the Indigenous population of Canada. There remains a small population, less than 2%, of Aboriginal peoples, who according to archeological and historical records, have inhabited this region for more than 3,000 years. In 2013, 43% of Indigenous people had confidence in the justice system and the courts, compared with 58% of non-Indigenous people. Indigenous people are not recovering from loss of employment during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as non-Indigenous Canadians, according to new data from Statistics Canada. They generally include thinking about suicide, inflicting self-harm or attempting suicide, which may result in death (see Suicide). One-quarter (26.2%) of Inuit, 24.2% of First Nations people and 11.3% of Métis lived in a dwelling that was in need of major repairs. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. Those with strong family networks were generally more likely to report positive health. Many would like to have information collected more frequently and there are still some populations that are not well covered. 4 Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Population Profile. Of these, there were 36 languages that had at least 500 speakers. Education and skills related to the Indigenous population in Canada, including educational attainment, field of study, educational outcomes, literacy, and technology use. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — First Nations, Métis and Inuit. This figure was 2.5 percentage points lower than in 2011. In the NWT, the average age of the In September 2017, Statistics Canada initiated a broad series of dialogues with First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and communities in every province and territory, about the content of the 2021 Census and their data needs. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. Taché also maintained that several important steps were required for improved statistics, including a preliminary numerical study of Canada and the Indigenous population dating back to the early 17th century; development of statistical trends for the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries to 1871; revision and correction of the 1851 and 1861 censuses; and preparation for a better census in 1871. Our key sources of information on First Nations people, Métis and Inuit are collected every five years. Through the Aboriginal Liaison Program, we have been strengthening lines of communication between Statistics Canada and First Nations people, Métis and Inuit, their organizations and leadership over the past several decades. “Indigenous,” although increasingly mainstream, is not universally accepted. A map of the geographic area is also included in the product. Canada's population clock (real-time model) This population clock models, in real time, changes to the size of the Canadian population and the provinces and territories.. They present the epistemology, paradigm, and practice of indigenous statistics in accessible language. Complete data on Aboriginal populations can be viewed here Canada has a population of about 36.5 million, of which 1.5 million are considered aboriginal Canadians representing 4.3% of the population. The data portrait of First Nations people, Métis, Inuit and their communities and businesses is not as comprehensive as it is for the general population. Saskatchewan’s Indigenous population has remained more rural than the rest of the province — at least according to Statistic Canada’s definitions. Users can search for an area of interest among census subdivisions (municipalities), census divisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, provinces and territories, Métis settlements, Inuit regions, Indian band and Tribal … This category includes those with a Certificate of Apprenticeship, a Certificate of Qualification or a journeyperson's designation. Statistics Canada is planning to support initiatives that will provide opportunities for more meaningful service delivery in statistical capacity building and will be grounded in the needs of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit, through a distinction-based approach. Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. The Statistics and Measurement Directorate is the focal point of contact within Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) for demographic and socio-economic statistics on Aboriginal peoples and Northerners. In 2006, 4.8% of the Indigenous population was 65 years of age or older; by 2016, this proportion had risen to 7.3%. Data from the census are an important source of information as it provides a comprehensive picture of the characteristics of the people in the community – their age, family characteristics, housing, education, labour and language. 4.9%— The percentage of the total population of Canada who reported an Aboriginal identity in 2016. Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2012. A positive school environment is associated with positive mental health outcomes for off-reserve First Nations youth. Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 1986 to 2016. Explore the distribution of the population with Aboriginal identity across Canada in 2016 using the Census Program Data Viewer. Application of the United Nations Human Development Index to Registered Indians in Canada, 2006–2016 Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada, and some consider them to be pejorative. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. “Building sustainable futures” was the motto of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) that focused on the economic participation of off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. For example, some would still use the term “Indian” to describe themselves. In Canada, the term Indigenous peoples (or Aboriginal peoples) refers to First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples. From the time of European colonization until the mid-nineteenth century, the native population of Canada dropped from roughly 500,000 (some estimates put it … Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada. are learning Indigenous languages as second languages. Among the Inuit, the percentage with a college diploma increased from about 17% to almost 19%. Suicide is the second-leading caus… The 2016 Census had the highest number of participating reserves, with only 14 reserves that were not enumerated of a total of 984. New analytical opportunities are opened up when these are combined with the Census. Statistics Canada is committed to strengthening or renewing partnerships with Indigenous organizations, institutions, and communities, and in collaboration with other governments. 2016. “Food insecurity among Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat.” Insights on Canadian Society. Employment rates were about 75% among First Nations people living off reserve who had college diplomas or apprenticeship certificates. All rights reserved. Boyce, Jillian. The health of Indigenous people and communities in Canada, including self-rated health, chronic conditions, well-being, life expectancy, and accessibility to health providers and services. These groups include: As part of its modernization initiative, Statistics Canada, in partnership with organizations such as Indigenous Services, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs and Indigenous organizations, is striving to find new analytical methods, such as data modelling, which would leverage the power of the information we gather. According to … The strategy also generated a series of recommendations for future hiring in Nunavut. The portal is part of Statistics Canada's Indigenous Statistical Capacity Development Initiative, and provides a central location on the agency's website where users can find links to data products about First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. The analysis warns: Sources: Statistics Canada, 2015–2016; Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, 2018; Canadian Heritage, 2016–2017. Is there information outdated? While 4% of the population claims an aboriginal identity, another 16% belongs to a non-aboriginal visible minority. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. In light of changing terminology, recent court decisions and the Government’s renewed commitment to Indigenous people, Statistics Canada is actively seeking feedback from First Nations, Métis and Inuit governments, organizations and individuals on the concepts and categories used in the census as well as what data they need. Statistics Canada developed an Inuit hiring strategy that increased Statistics Canada’s capacity in terms of staffing in Nunavut. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. Indigenous foster children were reported to have poorer educational performance (less likely to have A's and more likely to have repeated a grade) than other children, but were also less likely to have missed school in the past two weeks and were more likely to be receiving tutoring. The resulting portrait of the state of health inequalities in Canada is available through the Health Inequalities Data Tool, an online interactive database.. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the Indigenous population available for various geographic areas. To date, there have been over 50 discussions in 36 locations with roughly 400 participants, including representatives of federal departments. Measures of labour market activity, such as employment, characteristics of jobs held, and unemployment. Research on Indigenous and Northern issues. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. In comparison, 6.0% of the non-Indigenous population reported living in a dwelling in need of major repairs. In the 2016 census by Statistics Canada, over 1.6 million people in Canada identified as Indigenous, making up 4.9 per cent of the national population. Collecting data in the North presents unique challenges because of the remoteness of the communities and the weather. The survey was conducted between January and August 2017. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. Educational attainment refers to a person's highest certificate, diploma or degree. “Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014.” Statistics Canada. Ten years later, the census reported 1,172,790 people, or 4 per cent of the population. In this document, the term “Indigenous” is used in place of “Aboriginal”. 85-002-X. Just over one in ten (11.0%) of off-reserve First Nations youth and 7.8% of Métis youth report having a mood disorder. Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census. A lower proportion of the non-Indigenous population lived in housing that was crowded (8.5%). Among the Metis, one in four had completed a college diploma in 2016, compared with one in five in 2006. Accurate and timely statistical information could not be produced without their continued co-operation and goodwill. Demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous children, and data on health and well-being. 2015. They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. A report summarizing what we heard will be published in the fall of 2018. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — … First Nations, Métis and Inuit men with at least a bachelor’s degree had higher earnings than those with lower levels of education. This paper aims to give an overview of trends regarding the fertility of Aboriginal people in Canada at the turn of the 21st century (mostly between 1996 and 2011). Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. 4 Custom table based on Statistics Canada’s Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. “Homicide in Canada, 2015.” Juristat. As Winnipeg's Indigenous population continues to grow, the city is also becoming less segregated, says a new report from Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Indigenous people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. For young and Indigenous people, the problem is especially pronounced. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. 2016. Canadian Institute for Health Information, Discharge Abstract Database, 2006-2009. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. Meaningful engagement and relationship building are highly valued in Indigenous cultures and are therefore major priorities for Statistics Canada. Demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups, Other content related to Indigenous peoples, 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portraits, Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census. Paradoxically, the Aboriginal population in Canada is both young – 32.1 years old, on average, compared to 40.9 years old for non-Aboriginals – and aging: 7.3 per cent of Indigenous … Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Population Profile presents information from the 2016 Census of Population for various geographic areas. In 2016, the percentage of First Nations people with a college diploma increased to 21% from 17%. This statistic shows the distribution of in-custody adults in federal correctional services in Canada in the fiscal year of 2019, by risk level and indigenous identity. A distinctions-based approach is preferred. Rates of acute-care hospitalizations for intentional self-harm are high among Indigenous youth aged 10 to 19. From 2006 to 2016, the share of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who had completed high school went up by roughly 10 percentage points. In Canada, approximately 12 people per 100,000 die by suicide each year. ... Statistics Canada is receptive to the study. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data.
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